Experts are warning of a coming wave of school refusal - and kids who suffer from a ‘digital hangover’ are at special risk.
There’s been no shortage of family stressors these school holidays. Just when we thought it was safe to relax into summer fun, the Omicron invasion sent COVID case numbers spiraling to unprecedented heights.
With restrictions reintroduced, travel cut off, and the threat of contagion hanging over holiday plans like a thundercloud, it’s no wonder so many of us have sought solace - and safety - in our screens. Scrolling endlessly through our feeds. Playing the kinds of games that don’t require a mask or vax certificate. Bingeing on Netflix, Stan, Amazon Prime or, well, Binge.
For adults, getting back to work after yet another holiday “break” shortcircuited by COVID may be a bleak prospect. But we’re the grown-ups. We’ll handle it.
For kids set to return to school, the going may be much tougher. For many, the longer-than-ever hours logged online during the holiday season will leave kids with what experts are calling a “digital hangover” - culminating in reluctance, and even downright refusal, to engage with the offline world.
The likely result? A veritable epidemic of school refusal.
School refusal: What it is, and why it happens
School refusal is what happens when children resist engaging in instruction, become emotionally shut down in the classroom, or resist going to school altogether. In 2021, the pandemic was already driving a wave of school refusal, as kids who’d grown accustomed to screen-based remote learning balked at returning to in-person classes.
School refusal is what happens when children resist engaging in instruction, become emotionally shut down in the classroom, or resist going to school altogether.
And little wonder. Remote learning fostered entirely different habits - from sleeping in and doing schoolwork in pajamas to watching recorded classes on demand.
The prospect of suddenly attending class in-person, dealing with teachers and peers face-to-face and in real-time, ramped up anxiety for many children.
It also created disruption for teachers, as kids acted out, their tolerance for frustration at an all-time low.
It’s a scenario likely to repeat itself after a long holiday break, say experts. Kids who have spent much of their vacation time in front of a screen will find the return to school that much more confronting - and possibly even frightening.
“Repeated habits can form mental grooves in our brain,” explains Family Zone cyber expert Dr. Kristy Goodwin, digital wellbeing speaker, author and researcher. It’s logical, she says, that kids would want to maintain that habit.
Kids who have spent much of their vacation time in front of a screen will find the return to school that much more confronting - and possibly even frightening.
“Young people’s tech habits are often difficult (not impossible) to break because the habits have a dopamine-driven feedback loop that further perpetuates their behaviour (it’s a habit that feels good, so why would they want to stop?).”
What’s more, notes Dr. Kristy, “the brain likes predictability. … Young kids may not have the emotional vocabulary to convey their feelings, but …. their daily dose of digital may have provided them with the rhythm and routines they hankered for (and want to hold on to).”
It’s important to note that school refusal is not a disorder in itself, but may be a symptom of a larger problem - anxiety or depression, most commonly. Children who refuse to engage with school may exhibit fear, panic or meltdowns. Physical symptoms of anxiety like headaches and stomach aches may also be in evidence.
Parents need to be aware that the longer a child stays out of school, the harder it will be to return, as they risk falling behind both academically and socially.
How parents can deal
Thankfully, there’s a lot parents can do to help kids transition back to regular school attendance, says Dr. Julia Martin Burch, staff psychologist in the McLean Anxiety Mastery Program at McLean Hospital. She advises:
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