Doxxing: What it is, and how to prevent it

Fanatical Taylor Swift fans vowed to get their revenge on a music critic whose review of her new album was insufficiently ecstatic. They posted the writer’s address and phone number on Twitter - resulting in an avalanche of online abuse and threats. 

There’s a word for this kind of harassment: doxxing.

While some persist in seeing doxxing as a prank, the consequences can be profoundly serious, ranging from intimidation to emotional distress to loss of employment and even loss of life. 

Exactly what is doxxing?

A form of cyberbullying that involves the malicious posting of private information without consent, it could be about you, your family, your kids. It could be photos or actual documents (hence the term “doxxing," sometimes spelled "doxing"). 

Way back in dark ages of the internet -  the 1990s - doxxing made its debut as a revenge tactic employed by hackers. “Dropping dox” on someone meant making their private data publicly accessible online. 

Social media is the start

Today, anyone who uses social media has voluntarily (although not necessarily intentionally) allowed enormous amounts of personal information to be easily available to anyone who cares to find it. 

“Facebook meticulously scrutinizes the minutiae of its users’ online lives, and its tracking stretches far beyond the company’s well-known targeted advertisements. Details that people often readily volunteer — age, employer, relationship status, likes and location — are just the start,” a recent New York Times report found. 

“Facebook tracks both its users and nonusers on other sites and apps. It collects biometric facial data without users’ explicit ‘opt-in’ consent.”

Hackers have ways of infiltrating the back-end of Facebook and other platforms.

Doxxers dig deeper

But doxxers dig much deeper. They are skilled at ferreting out unlisted phone numbers, home addresses, tax file numbers and the location of your children’s school. How?


“Beyond social media and online discussion boards, there are public records of property ownership and voter registration, as well as massive databases of financial information assembled by credit-rating agencies,” explains University of Florida telecommunication professor Jasmine McNealy. 

Doxxers are experts at harvesting these rich sources of personal data.

Why do they do it?

In a word: revenge.

The doxxing we hear about most often in the news is politically motivated. The pro-democracy protests in Hong Kong, for example, have spawned thousands of online harassment complaints, according to the city’s privacy commissioner.

The children of police officers were among the targets - prompting Facebook to finally introduce a policy protecting children’s identities. 

One particularly insidious version of doxxing is called SWATTING, which involves the doxxer posting a fake terrorist threat, then exposing the discovered contact details of the target. When armed police (or a SWAT team, hence the term) converge on the target’s house, the doxxer’s job is done. 

Doxxing, ultimately, makes data into a weapon."

Celebrities who have been the targets of SWATTING include Chris Brown, Miley Cyrus and (yet again) Taylor Swift.

In general, however, it is women and minorities who are most likely to experience doxxing. 

The most severe cases have resulted in online and real-world harassment of women in the gaming industry, prank calls to summon police to a politician’s home, and even death threats. 

“Doxxing, ultimately, makes data into a weapon,” says McNealy.

How to prevent it

You can minimise the risk of doxxing by:

  • Maintaining strict privacy settings on social media
  • Avoiding posting any identifying details about your place of work or your children’s school
  • Avoiding posting any photos of your kids, and ask others who take picture of them at events not to post them online
  • Avoiding public WiFi hotspots, which can be intercepted by hackers’ fake hotspots
  • Protecting your email identity with a “burner” webmail account you can use for sites that require an email address when you register (some of them may be doxxing harvesting sites).
  • Varying  usernames and passwords.

Keep up to date with all the latest trends on issues that affect your digital family, with Family Zone.

Start your free trial today - and create a home where children thrive. 




Tell me more!

Topics: Cyber Bullying, Parental Controls, Screen time, Mobile Apps, Cyber Safety, digital parenting, privacy, data mining, doxxing

    Try Family Zone for FREE

    Sign up now to try Family Zone for 1 month, totally free of charge.

    Free Trial
    Subscribe to our newsletter
    Follow us on social media
    Popular posts
    Parental Controls | Cyber Safety | Cyber Experts | parenting | roblox
    Roblox: What parents must know about this dangerous game for kids
    Parental Controls | Screen time | Mobile Apps | | Social Media | tiktok | child development | self-harm | sexualisation
    One mum's jaw-dropping journey through TikTok
    Parental Controls | online gaming | Social Media | primary school | krunker
    Krunker has landed - and it's got our kids in the crosshairs
    Parental Controls | Screen time | online gaming | roblox | sleep
    Family Zone: Now blocking Roblox with a single click
    Parental Controls | Screen time | teens on social media | wellbeing | dating app
    Swipe right for trouble: Six teen dating apps parents need to know about
    Parental Controls | Screen time | Mobile Apps | online safety | cyberbullying | privacy | Houseparty | pornbombing | data mining
    "Houseparty" is off the hook right now: What parents need to know

    Recent posts

    Ending techno tantrums without pain: 5 easy(ish) keys to family harmony

    Once upon a time, tantrums were the exclusive preserve of “terrible twos.” And then came the internet.  

    The Best and Brightest Educational Apps to Download Right Now

    Finding quality educational content for kids to engage and connect with - content that supports and inspires their learning - can feel like ...

    Teach your kids empathy now - prevent bullying later

    “He never cries at movies or is concerned if his friends are hurt. But he’s a boy, so I’m not worried.”

    Three books that talk to kids about cyber safety - so kids will listen

    Whether your child is currently at school or learning remotely, now more than ever, they need to learn their digital safety ABCs. These ...