Student peers are generally the perpetrators of cyberbullying, but they are also “often the first line of defense to bullying,” a new report finds.
McKenzie Adams was in Year Four and aspired to be a scientist. What on earth could have driven the nine-year-old girl to take her own life?
The answer, her family believes, was repeated racially motivated cyberbullying by schoolmates.
Could that heartbreaking tragedy have been avoided if even a few of McKenzie’s peers had called out the abuse? It’s just possible, according to a new report by the prestigious Brookings Institution, a US-based think tank.
The report, “Bystander intervention on social media,” which examined both the skyrocketing prevalence of online aggression and strategies for combatting it, analysed over two million social media posts, with an emphasis on racial hate speech.
Defining cyberbullying as “any harassing behavior that occurs online by peers that is repeated multiple times,” the researchers found:
On a brighter note, eight out of 10 users said they’d seen others stand up during incidents, while a majority of young people were keen to learn strategies to become ‘upstanders’ themselves.
Bystander interventions, the researchers found, had a definite “buffering effect” on the damage to targets.
“Silence and inaction do nothing but cause biased perpetrator behaviors to proliferate as they feel unquestioned,” they noted.
Eight out of 10 said they’d seen others stand up during incidents, while a majority of young people were keen to learn strategies to become ‘upstanders’ themselves.
“We know that bystander intervention can help prevent some of the most detrimental effects of targeted aggressions on the victim’s mental and physical health by intervening to make the aggressions visible, disarming the situation, educating the perpetrator, and seeking external reinforcement or support.”
So how can your child become an upstander?
Student peers are generally the perpetrators of cyberbullying, but they are also “often the first line of defense to bullying,” the report found.
Four types of bystander strategies were identified as effective - meaning they were successful at re-directing comments in a more positive or objective way, and ultimately at changing the behaviour of the bully.
Finally, and most crucially, students can become upstanders by reporting online abuse to adults, whether parents, teachers or school authorities. Peer reports are particularly important, researchers found, “since targets of cyberbullying are often hesitant to share their victimization with others.”
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